Preschool children with language disorders may have trouble understanding what others say or difficulty sharing their thoughts. Most children develop adult-like conversational language by the age of five years, and enter kindergarten with a "language toolbox" that allows them to access the curriculum and compete with their peers. A child without these necessary skills may struggle with social and emotional development and with academic skills.
How Does Your Child Hear and Talk?
School-aged children with language difficulties are likely to experience academic problems, especially with literacy development. This type of difficulty is not about how smart a person is... most children with language-based learning problems have average to superior intelligence.
Most children make some mistakes as they learn to say new words. Every sound has a different range of ages when the child should make the sound correctly. In young children learning to speak, speech sound errors are quite common. In fact, very few children develop speech without producing errors early on. A speech sound disorder occurs when mistakes continue past a certain age.
Many speech sound disorders occur without a known cause. A child may not learn how to produce sounds correctly or may not learn the rules of speech sounds. These children may have a problem with speech development, which does not always mean that they will simply outgrow it by themselves. Many children do develop speech sounds over time but those who do not often need intervention to learn correct speech sounds.